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Historical Development and Background
The development of the environmental protection system in Taiwan can be classified into four stages as follows:
A. Stage 1: Before March 17, 1971
The Taiwan Provincial Government was founded in 1947 and the Department of Health was expanded to include public hazard prevention and control, as well as improvement and promotion of environmental sanitation. The Experimental Institute of Environmental Health of Taiwan Province was set up by the Department of Health in 1955 to take charge of surveys, studies, and management of water sanitation, waste water treatment, garbage disposal and water quality control, general environmental health, air pollution control, radiation safety, and noise control. Taipei City Government integrated the Municipal Cleaning Unit and Sewage Treatment Commission into the Department of Environmental Cleaning in October, 1968 to take charge of air and water pollution control and waste treatment. The Department of Health under the Taipei City Government was given the responsibility of public hazard control. Section II of the Public Health Bureau in every city and county of Taiwan was designated as the responsible agency for promotion and protection of environmental health.
B. Stage 2: From March 17, 1971 to January 28, 1982
In addition to the Department of Health and the Experimental Institute of Environmental Health, Taiwan Provincial Government set up the Water Pollution Control Institute under the Construction Department to take charge of pollution control, watershed designation, water pollution control planning and training, permission issuing, dispute resolution and execution, as well as supervision, auditing, and research on control technology of waste water treatment facilities.
Kaohsiung City Government integrated the Cleaning Unit and Sewage Treatment Commission into the Department of Cleaning Management, to take charge of garbage disposal and drainage cleaning. In July, 1979, as Kaohsiung City was upgraded to a Municipal City, the Department was expanded into the Department of Environmental Administration to manage matters related to environmental cleaning and public hazard control.
C. Stage 3: From January 29, 1982 to August 21, 1987
Taiwan Provincial Government integrated the Institute of Waste Water Treatment and Environmental Health into the Environmental Protection Bureau, governed by the Department of Health, Taiwan Provincial Government, on August 9, 1983. Taipei City and Kaohsiung City expanded the organization of the Department of Environmental Cleaning and Environmental Administration and reformed them into the Environmental Protection Bureau, respectively, on July 1, 1982.
Since September, 1984, every city and county has designated Section II of the Health Bureau as the responsible agency to manage environmental protection matters.
D. Stage 4: From August 22, 1987 to the present
- 83, Zhonghua Rd. Sec. 1, Zhongzheng District, Taipei City 100, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
List of Members
Name : Chun-Ming Huang