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|Alternative-day-no-driving system to be implemented during high concentration PM2.5 episodes|
Alternative-day-no-driving system to be implemented during high concentration PM2.5 episodes
▷ When a high level of PM2.5 concentrations occur for a long period, 2-day-rotation system and curtailment of operation will be implemented in administrative and public institutions in the metropolitan areas.
▷ After analyzing the effects of pilot project and legislating the emergency mitigation measures in 2018, the measure will be gradually expanded to the rest of the country and the private sector.
The Ministry of Environment (Minister Cho KyeungKyu) announced that as a follow-up to the Joint Government Special Measure on Mitigating PM2.5 released on June 3, the Ministry in collaboration with Seoul, Incheon and Gyeonggi Province will implement emergency mitigation measures including 2-day-rotation system from next year when a high level of PM2.5 concentrations occur in the metropolitan areas.
The emergency mitigation measure is part of the 1st stage pilot program in 2017. Under the measure, 2-day-rotation system in 630 administrative and public institutions (90 administrative agencies, 539 public institutions) and curtailment of operation in public places of business and construction sites will be implemented in three metropolitan areas including Seoul.
The Ministry will actively induce participation of private construction sites and large pollution-emitting facilities through voluntary agreements.
In addition, for full-fledged implementation from 2018, the measure will be expanded to the private sector in the metropolitan areas based on analysis on the effect of 1st stage pilot program in 2017 and legislation of emergency mitigation measures. By 2020, the measure will be gradually extended to the rest of the country.
The details of emergency mitigation measures for high concentration PM2.5 to be implemented from 2017 are as follows.
< Emergency Mitigation Measure Implementation Plan >
(Region) Air quality management region in 2 cities and 1 province in metropolitan area (Seoul, Incheon, Gyeonggi Province)
(Requirements) The Ministry of Environment reviews the requirement for issuing special measure by checking PM2.5 concentration of the day and forecast for the next day as of 17:00 every day. The Joint Committee on Emergent Mitigation will decide the issuance of emergency measures.
① The Day (00～16:00): Average concentration of PM2.5 exceeds 50㎍/㎥; and
② Next Day: Forecast "Very Bad for more than 3 hours (exceeding 100㎍/㎥)"
(Step) 5 steps of exercising emergency mitigation measure
Preparation(17:00~17:30 of the day) →Issuance (17:30 of the day) →Implementation (06~21:00 of the next day) →Monitoring (17:00 of the next day) →Completion & Evaluation
(Measures) 2-day-rotation system and curtailment of operation
No-driving-day system for public intuitions will be applied to privately owned vehicles and vans entering administrative and public institutions.
(Provided that cars specially approved by the head of institution such as cars for disabled, pregnant women and children, eco-friendly cars and firefighting, police and medical vehicles are exception)
Curtailed operation will be introduced to air pollution emitting facilities (incineration facilities) and construction sites run by administrative and public institutions.
Although 2017 is the period of pilot program, the joint government committee will encourage car-rotation-system and curtailment of operation in the private sector (through voluntary agreement, etc.)
When implementing the emergency mitigation measures, the Ministry of Environment and the three metropolitan cities and province will closely work together through the Joint Committee on Emergent Mitigation during the entire process from decision-making to dissemination, implementation, conclusion and evaluation.
In principle, the emergency mitigation measures will be implemented from 6:00 to 21:00 of the next day, but early release or re-issuance are possible depending on conditions.
During the period of emergency mitigation measures, the focal points of administrative and public institutions will keep emergency contact and employees shall comply with the 2-day-rotation system. The Ministry of Environment and the three metropolitan cities and province will form a Joint Inspection Team to supervise overall implementation status and evaluate the effects of implementation.
By the end of this year, the Ministry will come up with the 'Emergency Mitigation Measure Implementation Manual' through consultation with relevant institutions and review of experts. After launching the Joint Committee on Emergent Mitigation and completing preparations by early January 2017, the Ministry will implement the system in earnest from February 15, next year.
Moreover, the Ministry will flesh out the grounds for implementation under the Clean Air Conservation Act based on the effect and challenges of the pilot project, and gradually expand the measure to the private sectors and the rest of the country.
The Ministry of Environment expects that the measure will not only reduce PM2.5 in a short term but also raise public awareness on the seriousness of particulate matters, leading to voluntary mitigation campaigns in daily life.
Nah Jeong-kyun, Director of Climate and Air Quality Policy Division, said that "we will strive to fundamentally mitigate PM2.5 by identifying main sources of particulate matters such as diesel cars and coal plants, and implement emergency measures including car-rotation-system and shortened operation hours in public institutions when high concentration PM2.5 occurs."
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